Browsing the archives for the Bibliology category

2 Timothy 3:16–17 – Part 4 of 4: The Sufficiency of Scripture

Click here to read part 1, part 2, and part 3 of this series. The emphasis in the second clause of 2 Tim 3:17 is to clarify for what and to what the extent the man of God has become “complete.” Specifically, Scripture has “equipped” him for good works, the extent of which is “every […]

2 Timothy 3:16–17 – Part 3 of 4: The Purpose of Scripture

Click here to read part 1 and part 2 of this series. All Scripture is inspired by God and therefore profitable for teaching, reproof, correction, and training in righteousness (2 Tim 3:16). In 2 Tim 3:16–17, the purpose for these functions of Scripture is “so that” (Greek, hina) or simply “that the man of God may be complete, […]

2 Timothy 3:16–17 – Part 2 of 4: The Function of Scripture

Click here to read part 1 of this series. “All Scripture is…profitable for” four functions stated in 2 Tim 3:16, “for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness.” The first two functions have to do with the positive and negative of belief. Scripture is “profitable for teaching,” that is, instructing what is right […]

2 Timothy 3:16–17 – A Key Text on the Nature, Function, Purpose, and Sufficiency of Scripture

“16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work” (2 Timothy 3:16–17 ESV). This passage presents an array of interpretive options, which are of special import, considering that this is […]

The Abiding Word of God

The Word of God is instrumental in conversion and sanctification. As to our conversion, Peter says you “have been born again, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God” (1 Pet 1:23). While we may not know all of the Word of God, we at least know what […]

Mark 13:31 – My Words Will Not Pass Away

When Jesus said, “Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away” (Mark 13:31), was He somehow saying that the Bible would be preserved? In context, Jesus’ words in Mark 13:31 were verifying that all that would happen in Mark 13:3–30 would actually come to pass. Even if the universe were […]


One or Two in Three Gospels? An Exercise in Inerrancy

There are two sets of parallel Synoptic passages in which Mark and Luke speak of a man that Jesus healed while Matthew speaks of two men. In the first, Mark and Luke record that Jesus cast demons out of a man (Mark 5:1–20; Luke 8:26–39), and Matthew speaks of Jesus casting demons out of two […]

Criteria for NT Canonicity

The church father Athanasius wrote an Easter letter in AD 367 that listed all of the 27 books that we find in our New Testament. The Council of Hippo Regius in North Africa (AD 393) and the Third Council of Carthage (AD 397) affirmed these same 27 books. How did the early church come to […]