Browsing the archives for the Acts category

When Did Paul Confront Peter in Antioch?

In previous studies, we matched the events of Galatians 1–2 to the book of Acts and concluded the following: Paul’s conversion and subsequent missionary endeavors are recorded in Acts 9:1–25 and Gal 1:11–17 (cf. 2 Cor 11:32–33); Paul’s first visit to Jerusalem after his conversion and departure to the Gentiles are recorded in Acts 9:26–30 […]


Where Does Galatians 2:1–10 Fit in Acts?

Many equate Paul’s description of his meeting with Peter, James, and John in Galatians 2:1–10 with the Jerusalem Council in Acts 15:1–29. Both meetings were provoked by Judaizers (Acts 15:1, 24; Gal 1:7, 22; 6:17), attended by Paul and Barnabas (Acts 15:2; Gal 2:1), and concerned with whether or not Gentiles must be circumcised and […]


The Early Years of Paul’s Ministry in Galatians 1:18, 21 and Acts 9:26–30

Luke generally describes a meeting between Paul and the apostles in Acts 9:26–27. Paul gave more details as to this meeting in Gal 1:18–19. Paul mentions that he then left for Syria and Cilicia in Gal 1:21. Luke mentions this departure as Paul leaving for Tarsus in Acts 9:30 (Tarsus is a city in the […]


A Timeline of Paul’s Ministry in Galatians and Acts

Galatians is probably Paul’s earliest letter, written around AD 48 to the churches in southern Galatia and not to Gentiles in northern Galatia (the first conclusion among several debated issues, as you will see). Assuming some dates (these dates can be debated) and matching Paul’s biographical details their parallels in Acts, Paul persecuted the church […]


A Survey of Two Baptisms

Paul met some disciples in Ephesus and learned that they had not heard of the Spirit’s arrival at Pentecost and that they were baptized into the baptism of John, i.e., John the Baptist (Acts 19:1–3). Paul consequently baptized them in the name of the Lord Jesus, and similar to what took place in Acts 2, […]

Elders, Deacons, and Congregation – A Biblical Understanding of Congregational Church Governement

We  recently went through 1 Timothy 3:1-13 during Sunday mornings at my church, and Kevin Bauder has been writing some articles on church government that I found helpful in my preparation for each Sunday. Click the titles below for each article. Did They Vote? Who Selected Elders? Elders Rule! But Congregations Decide

What Is the Filling of the Spirit?

The word pimplemi is used to indicate some type of “filling” several times in the books of Luke and Acts. When this “filling” is with the Holy Spirit, dramatic events typically take place. John the Baptist was “filled with the Holy Spirit” for the exercise of his prophetic office (Luke 1:15). “Elizabeth was filled with […]

The Hall of Tyrannus: A Model for Evangelism

Paul spent two years in Ephesus “reasoning daily in the hall of Tyrannus” (Acts 19:9). A few manuscripts add “from the fifth hour to the tenth,” which would have been from 11:00 AM to 4:00 PM. Even if this addition was not part of the original text, it likely served as a commentary for when […]


An Apostolic Example of Evangelism in Acts 5:42

The word “evangel” comes from the Greek word evangelion, a word that simply means “good news” or “the gospel” (e.g., Rom 1:16). Someone who is known for preaching the gospel is what the Greek would call an evangelistes, an evangelist (e.g., Eph 4:11). Perhaps a synonym could be a “gospel-er” or a “good news-er.” Sometimes […]