Responding to the Lamb’s taking the scroll, the four creatures and twenty-four elders (cf. 5:8) sing a new song to ascribe worth to the Lamb for having ransomed a people with His blood (5:9). A diverse people, they are a kingdom of priests to God to reign upon the earth (5:9–10). Innumerable angels join the four and twenty-four and claim the Lamb worthy for all that is His to exercise and enjoy for having been slain (5:11–12). All creatures left in creation join these two groups, ascribing blessing, honor, glory, and might to the Enthroned and the Lamb (5:13). The elders “amen” and fall to worship before the judgment begins (5:14).
Old Testament in the New
|Revelation||Old Testament||Connection Between the Two|
|5:9||Ps 40:3; 98:1; 144:9; 149:1; Isa 42:10||The psalmists and Isaiah exhort or example singing a new song to the Lord.|
|5:9||Dan 5:19||The various peoples God gave to Nebuchadnezzar are parallel in diversity to those ransomed by Christ to be a kingdom.|
|5:10||Exod 19:6; Isa 61:6; Dan 7:22b, 27a||As Israel was characterized by its priesthood, so also the church shall reign with its entire constituency being a priesthood.|
|5:11||Dan 7:10||Each throne scene enjoys the presence of innumerable heavenly beings.|
|5:12||Chr 29:11–12; Dan 2:20||Blessing, wisdom, might, and glory are ascribed to the Recipient forever and ever.|
|5:13||Exod 20:11; Neh 9:6; Ps 146:6||Whatever creatures God created anywhere―all worship Him and will praise the Lamb.|
A Parting Thought
The great crescendo of voices and its confirming “Amen” brings a sobering worship of the Father and Son who soon are seen in wrath. What God has created would soon be seen by John to be ruled in full. Let us likewise praise God for His creation, rule, and judgment and anticipate the fullness of His kingdom to come!